A person has two sets of teeth, deciduous teeth, and permanent teeth. A permanent tooth is lost and one is less. Although modern medicine cannot regenerate the fallen permanent teeth, artificial dental implants can repair the missing permanent teeth, rebuild the chewing function, and improve the quality of human life. Therefore, it can be described as our “third pair of teeth”.
In the past 30 years, implant dentures have been widely used in clinical practice and have achieved good results, accounting for more than 50% of the first choice restorations for patients lacking teeth in developed countries in Europe and the United States. The 10-year success rate of tissue level dental implant restoration is 80% in the upper jaw and 90% in the lower jaw.
What Is Dental Implant?
Dental implants are made of pure titanium that has been precisely designed and highly compatible with the human body into a root-like shape and then implanted into the alveolar bone in the missing tooth area through dental implant surgery. After 3 months of dental implant surgery, when the alveolar bone and the artificial tooth root are closely integrated, the artificial tooth root can be fitted with a porcelain dental crown to finally restore the tooth. The implant in the alveolar bone is equivalent to the root of our natural tooth. Because it can grow tightly with the alveolar bone as a whole, it can stably support and fix the denture exposed outside the gums. After decades of development, modern dental implant technology has become an ideal restoration method after missing teeth, and it is suitable for most patients with missing teeth.
Advantages Of Dental Implants Compared To Traditional Restoration Methods
1.Appearance Close To Natural Teeth, Beautiful And Comfortable
Dental implants are the closest to the appearance of natural teeth. They are small in size. Unlike movable dentures, which require a base and a clasp, they are more beautiful and do not have the dull taste and discomfort caused by the large-area plastic base.
Dental implants do not have structures such as bases and clasps, so there is no foreign body sensation in the oral cavity, and the comfort is better than other traditional dentures. It has little effect on pronunciation and is also convenient for oral cleaning and maintenance.
2.Mastication Efficiency Is Greatly Improved
The chewing efficiency of bone level dental implants is greatly improved compared with traditional dentures. Dental implants are artificial tooth roots implanted in the alveolar bone and tightly connected by osseointegration. It is self-evident that the dental implants are stable and reliable. They are rooted in the mouth like real teeth and can withstand normal chewing force. Eat like real teeth.
3.No Need To Wear Normal Teeth
There is no need to wear the normal teeth around the missing teeth, which is a great advantage of dental implants. Take the porcelain bridge as an example for comparison. The porcelain bridge needs to grind the healthy teeth on both sides of the missing teeth. It is a pity to remove part of the healthy teeth. The dental implant is directly implanted into the dental implant, so it will not cause damage to the adjacent teeth.
4.Wide Range Of Adaptation
The wide range of dental implants is also a significant advantage. In the past, patients with missing teeth could only choose to wear removable dentures. However, compared with implants, removable dentures are not very satisfactory in terms of comfort, beauty, self-cleaning ability, and chewing function. The patient has obtained a stable denture restoration, which is more advantageous for some patients who are difficult or ineffective with traditional denture restoration. For some patients, it also has a good effect of restoring the facial shape.
The Process Of Oral Implantation
According to the planting time, it can be divided into immediate planting and delayed planting. Immediate implantation refers to the method for the patient to implant the implant immediately after the tooth is extracted. Immediate implantation is more convenient and quick, can shorten the course of treatment and reduce the absorption of alveolar bone, but the implant cannot be well attached to the bone tissue in the extraction socket. Attached, and it is relatively difficult to close the gum wound, which is easy to cause infection.
Delayed implantation is a repair method for implanting implants after a period of time after tooth extraction, usually, three months after the wound of the alveolar bone is healed. This method is relatively mature and safe, and it is not easy to cause postoperative infections.
In a broad sense, implant restoration includes the preoperative preparation of implant surgery, implant surgery, the crowning of implant dentures, and the insertion and maintenance of implant dentures. Implant restoration treatment procedures are more complicated, with a long period, and require long-term maintenance. It is necessary to clearly understand the problems that may occur during the entire implant restoration process before the restoration to better cooperate with the doctor.
Do necessary whole body and oral examinations, take X-ray or CT examinations, including examination of alveolar bone condition (X-ray examination), measurement of body bone density, blood pressure, blood sugar, and other routine examinations. The doctor will determine whether it is suitable for surgery based on the bone quality and bone mass of the missing area and then formulate relevant plans.
According to the physical examination and dental condition, after designing the dental implant strategy, prepare for the artificial dental implant.
The plan is established, that is, in a special sterile room, under local anesthesia, a small incision is made in the gums of the missing teeth, a hole is made in the alveolar bone with an implant machine, and an implant made of artificial materials is implanted in the upper jaw or the lower jaw In the alveolar bone of missing teeth. The sutures will be removed after 10 days, and the original dentures can be worn after adjustment by the doctor.
4.Install The Implant Abutment
Three months after the implantation operation, after the implant and the jaw bone formed osseointegration, the operation was only to use a special surgical instrument under local anesthesia to make a small incision in the gum corresponding to the implantation implant, and then install the implant after exposing the upper end of the implant. Gingival post, the implant that is about to be implanted in the jawbone out of the gums
5.Install Porcelain Dental Crowns For Dental Implants
7-10 days after the abutment is installed, the model can be repaired, and implant bridges and dentures can be made. It will be completed in about 10 days, and implant dentures can be put on after a successful trial.